Showing posts with label World Health Organization. Show all posts
Showing posts with label World Health Organization. Show all posts

World Malaria Day- April 25

World Malaria Day is a special day of the year designed to raise awareness of the global effort to control malaria and ultimately eradicate it. The date of Malaria Day was set for April 25, 2001, but then it was called Malaria Day in Africa, in order to control malaria and reduce mortality from it there. In 2008 Malaria Day in Africa expanded to World Malaria Day.

World Malaria Day was set at the 60th Session of the World Health Assembly (a meeting sponsored by the World Health Organization [WHO]) to recognize that malaria exists in countries around the world other than Africa and raise awareness of the importance of the global fight against the disease.

Interesting facts about malaria

Malaria is an infectious disease also called swamp fever. It is most common in areas with tropical climates and especially in Africa, Central and South America and the Far Eastern countries.

Malaria mainly affects the red blood cells and causes damage to vital organs in the body as a result of anemia and blockage of blood vessels.

The origin of the name of the disease is in the Italian language, which means "bad air" (mala aria), due to the belief that existed in the past that the bad swamp air is the cause.

Malaria is one of the leading causes of death in the world! In 2018, an estimated 228 million people contracted malaria, of which about 405,000 died, most of them children under the age of 15 in sub-Saharan Africa.

Malaria is spread by the Anopheles mosquito. It exists in more than 100 countries around the world.

Malaria can be prevented by protecting against mosquitoes and spraying their incubators. The goal of the World Health Organization is to raise, among other things, the use of bed nets treated with insecticides and spraying with insecticides in places of origin in countries that are particularly vulnerable to malaria.

The cause of malaria is a unicellular creature called Plasmodium, which exists in the stomach of the Anopheles mosquito. There are ten other species of plasmodium that also harm other animals such as birds, reptiles and rodents.

In 1897, Ronald Ross, a British physician, parasitologist and epidemiologist, showed the existence of a plasmodium in the stomach of a mosquito. Thanks to this discovery he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1902.

The drugs for malaria are based on quinine, a substance extracted from the bark of quinine or synthetically produced. But the treatment with these drugs is not enough, and to fight Plasmodium additional drugs are needed.

In 2015, Tu Youyou, a Chinese physician specializing in pharmacology and drug treatment for malaria, received the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for the discovery of the substance Artemisinin, which is used as a cure for malaria.

Symptoms of malaria include high fever, tremor, joint pain, severe headache, vomiting that contains blood, excessive sweating, chills, diarrhea, abdominal pain, skin punctures, hypoglycemia and general malaise. Complications of malaria include coma and when left untreated, it ends in death in about 20% of cases.

The eucalyptus tree is a natural fighter for malaria. In the 19th century it was believed that the eucalyptus fought malaria by disinfecting the soil and air. At the end of the century, the real cause of the disease was discovered and the connection between it and the eucalyptus was clarified. The water-loving eucalyptus dries the swamp water in which the Anopheles mosquito larvae spread the disease. It originated in Australia, where malaria did not exist. Eucalyptus has been used as an anti-malarial agent in California, South Africa, Spain, Turkey, Israel and Italy.

April 25 is also East meets West and DNA Day

World Hearing Day - March 3

 World Hearing Day is held on March 3 each year to raise awareness of how to prevent deafness and hearing loss and to promote treatment of ear and hearing problems worldwide.

Every year, the World Health Organization decides on a particular topic for this day and develops evidence-based information materials such as brochures, leaflets, posters, infographics and presentations, among others. These materials are shared with government and civil society officials around the world as well as with World Health Organization offices. The World Health Organization is organizing an annual World Hearing Day event at its Geneva headquarters. In recent years, a growing number of member states and other partner agencies have joined World Hearing Day by hosting a variety of activities and events in their countries.

Theme of World Hearing Day this year (2021): Hearing treatments for everyone! Screen, rehabilitation, communication.

Policies of the day for policy makers: The number of people living with hearing loss and ear disease without treatment is unacceptable. Timely action is needed to prevent and treat hearing loss during life. Investing in cost-effective interventions will benefit people with hearing loss and bring financial gains to the company. Governments should work to integrate people-centered ear and hearing care into national health programs for universal health coverage.

International Hearing Day Principles for the General Public: Good hearing and communication are important at all stages of life. Hearing loss (and related ear diseases) can be prevented through preventative measures such as protection against loud sounds, good ear care methods and vaccination. Hearing loss (and related ear diseases) can be treated when it is detected in time and appropriate treatment is received. People at risk of hearing loss should have their hearing checked regularly. People who suffer from hearing loss (or related ear diseases) should seek medical attention.

How to mark International Hearing Day?

The World Health Organization asks everyone to encourage those who need help due to hearing loss to apply for admission. If you know someone who suffers from an untreated hearing loss, encourage them to have a hearing test or ask their doctor for a referral to a clinic that specializes in hearing transplants.

international hearing day

World Health Day - April 7

World Health Day is celebrated every year by the World Health Organization. This day was first announced in 1950 and since then every year it is dedicated to an issue that is important to draw attention to. World Health Day is celebrated with a gathering of regional, local and international events related to the chosen theme.
World Health Day is a good day to decide on a healthier lifestyle change like to start doing sports, eat less sweets or quit smoking.

The World Health Organization is a United Nations agency that focuses on the public health of the world as a whole. The organization has a constitution signed by the countries involved.
Everyone should be concerned about their own health and that of their community, and if you have come to this page, then this is a good time to turn your attention to this year's topic. By checking out their website: This year, on April 7, 2021 the issue is "Building a fairer, healthier world".
The World Health Organization has been involved in mobilizing many health efforts all over the world. The organization works to disseminate information about the vitality of medicines for public health, awareness of infectious diseases and prevention and more. The movement to eradicate smallpox began in 1958, at the initiative of Victor Zhdanov, the then Deputy Minister of Health of the Soviet Union. In 1979, the World Health Organization declared that smallpox had disappeared from the world, making it the first disease in history to be eradicated by the dedicated efforts of humans.
Anyone can take a hand in improving the overall health of the world, and one can start by worrying about the health of yourself, your family and your community. You can also donate blood on this day. The blood bank should always have healthy doses of blood. You can also take as a task an examination of your environment - for example, are there standing water sources that may be fertile ground for insects such as mosquitoes that spread disease by bites?
If you follow the link of the World Health Organization, you will find more topics and ideas for improving world health on World Health Day.

April 7 is also No Housework Day

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