International Refugee Day is celebrated every year on June 20 by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). The aim of the day is to raise awareness of the plight of millions of refugees around the world, who have been forced to flee their homes to safer countries.
The Refugee Convention states that a refugee is someone who has a well-founded fear of persecution on the basis of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or belonging to a particular social group (a certain social group is a somewhat vague category but in most countries of the world women are included).
Some facts about the situation of the right refugees today (from the Amnesty International website)
There are 25.9 million refugees in the world - the highest number ever recorded.
Half of the refugees in the world are children.
A third of the refugees - 6.7 million people - have found refuge in the world's poorest countries.
About 1.4 million refugees are at particular risk of violence and are particularly vulnerable and urgently need resettlement on a regular basis. But of those, only 92,400 refugees were resettled in 2018, less than 7% in need.
In 2018 there were 1.1 million new refugees, most of whom fled the conflict in Syria, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Violence, insecurity, persecution and shortages of food, medicine and other necessities, have motivated millions of Venezuelans to leave their country. In the first five months of 2019, some 4 million Venezuelans left their homes in one of the biggest crises in the world. More than 460,000 Venezuelans have sought refuge but so far only a small proportion - some 21,000 - have been recognized as refugees.
Many rich countries continue to establish policies that will deter people seeking asylum in them. At the same time, they transfer the responsibility to neighboring countries that will protect the people fleeing for their lives. This limited and short-sighted policy forces women, men and children to embark on dangerous journeys on foot and by sea and endanger their lives and be exposed to human rights violations.
The 10 countries that received the most refugees are: Turkey (3.7 million), Iran (979,000 refugees), Pakistan (1.4 million refugees), Bangladesh (906,000 refugees), Ethiopia (921,000 refugees), Uganda (1.1 million refugees), Jordan (2.9 million) Refugees), Sudan (908,700 refugees), Lebanon (1.4 million refugees) and Germany (1 million refugees).
The richest countries in the world are not doing nearly enough to fund the cost of protecting the people who have left everything behind. Referrals for humanitarian aid to refugees are consistently - and often - unfunded.
In conclusion, the world urgently needs a new global program based on genuine international cooperation and meaningful and fair sharing of responsibility.
June 20 is also Vanilla Milkshake Day
World Hello Day is a day celebrated in 180 countries around the world. This day was created to encourage us to greet people in peace and to understand how important simple communication is in our daily lives.
The story of how this day was created is long and interesting, and its foundation is in the Yom Kippur War between Israel and Egypt. Hello Day in Wikipedia
The history of World Hello Day
World Hello Day was first created in 1973 with the aim of showing people, and especially the people of the Middle East, that conflicts must and must be resolved through the media and not through violence. The idea is that clear and honest communication brings peace. In the 1970s the conflict between Egypt and Israel was difficult and many people feared it would lead to a great war. Indeed as we know it happened.
World Hello Day was actually created as a direct response to the Yom Kippur War that ended in October 1973, during which thousands of soldiers and civilians were killed, including many soldiers who were tortured and executed.
The idea of World Hello Day was created by Brian McCormack, a doctoral student graduating from Arizona State University, and his brother Michael McCormack, a Harvard graduate.
32 Nobel Peace Prize winners have stated that World Peace Day is a significant value as a tool for promoting peace, and as an event that allows anyone in the world, individual, organization or government, to contribute to the process of creating peace.
How do you celebrate Hello Day?
The goal on this day, celebrated in 180 countries, is for everyone to say "hello" to at least ten people, in order to convey a message to world leaders that conflicts are resolved through the media, not by force. This little gesture is meant to demonstrate, according to the creators of this special day, how communication can be helpful in resolving disputes and preventing conflicts.
If you want to take the idea one step further, you can think of a person in your life who is important to you, but you disagreed with him about something that is really not worth it. Time is a great doctor. Why not look back on your conflict and analyze it from the other side's point of view as well, see the faults and injustices that you are also responsible for and reconnect with that person to put the conflict behind you?
Many people do not know how good it really is to admit you were wrong and say sorry. Instead, they see such behavior as an expression of weakness, when in fact it is an expression of strength and self-confidence. People are often mistaken in thinking that the other person will lose respect for them if they apologize to him and this is also not true. Most people will respect you more because of the ability to admit your responsibility for the situation. It is worth making the effort and lending a hand for peace as a first step.
How do you say hello in other languages?
Arabic - مرحبا (marhabaan)
Italian - Ciao
Japanese - こんにちは (Kon'nichiwa)
Hindi- नमस्ते (namaskaar)
Norwegian- God dag
Russian - Привет (Privet)
Thai- สวัสดี! (S̄wạs̄dī)
Chinese- 你好 (Nǐ hǎo)
Hebrew- שלום (Shalom)
Greek - Γειά σου (GEIA SOU)
Korean - 안녕 (annyeong)
Swedish - Hej
Suahili- Sasa / Mambo / Jambo
November 21 is also World Television Day
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