|In the photo: Rai stones in Yap (Micronesia)|
Micronesia is the name of a group of about a thousand small islands in the Pacific, located near Melanesia, Polynesia, Indonesia and the Philippines.
Most of these islands form the sovereign nation of the Federated States of Micronesia. The main island of Micronesia is the state of Yap, which celebrates the writing of its Constitution on 24 December.
One of the most interesting things about Yap is their coins, known as "Rai stones." These coins are in the shape of a circle with a hole in the middle, made of calcite. The problem with these coins is that you can not take them in your wallet, nor in your pocket, because their diameter is 4 meters on average!
The value of the Rai stones depends on their size and history (most of the stones were brought from other islands like New Guinea and Palau, many years ago). The lowest value of Rai coin is a with a diameter of 30 cm.
These stones are no longer produced, but their price remains constant. They do not move when they are in possession, but people in the island know exactly to whom each of the 6,500 Rai stones belongs!
Today Yap people use Western-style money. Because Micronesia is a state with a constitutional administration that relies on the United States in the framework of "free association", its people use the US dollar as their official currency. The Rai stones are used for traditional and ceremonial trade and are perceived as national symbols.
December 24 is also Eggnog Day
Spain's Constitution Day is the day Spain celebrates its becoming a democracy and the enactment of its constitution, on December 6, 1978, after the years of King Franco's dictatorship.
Spain is a country in southwestern Europe located on the Iberian Peninsula and borders Portugal, France, Gibraltar and Andorra.
The official language of Spain is Spanish and its capital is Madrid.
In honor of the Constitution Day celebrated in Spain, get some amazing facts about this country that you probably did not know:
Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union.
The official name of Spain is "Kingdom of Spain".
Defamation of the royal family in Spain can lead to a sentence of up to two years in prison.
In 2013, Spain was in third place in the list of the most visited countries in the world.
There are no words in Spain's national anthem.
The youngest king ever was Alfonso XIII of Spain, who became king from the day he was born.
In 1492, the Catholic kings of Spain issued an order to expel all Jews from Spain. The Muslim Sultan of Izid sent the Ottoman navy to Spain to save the Jews from the persecution of the Spaniards.
Only 72% of Spaniards speak Spanish. The rest speak Catalan, Galician, Basque and other languages.
The first modern man arrived in Iberia (now Spain) about 35,000 years ago on foot from the north.
The Tomatina is an annual festival held in Spain where people throw thousands of tomatoes at each other.
The Eiffel Tower was originally intended for Barcelona, Spain, but the project was rejected.
The Church of the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona has been under construction for over 130 years and construction is expected to be completed by 2026.
Spain had more unemployment in 2013 (27.2%) than the US during the Great Depression (25%).
In 2011, a small town in Spain that was on the verge of economic collapse, participated in the largest lottery in the world and won.
Spanish rice is not known in Spain.
43% of the world's olive oil is produced in Spain.
In 1894 Japan offered to buy the Philippines from Spain for 40 million pounds.
In 2000, the Spanish disabled basketball team was forced to return their gold medals after it was found that almost all players have no disability.
Spain has no laws against public nudity.
Prostitutes in Spain should wear glowing vests, like the rest of the workers on the roads, to avoid accidents.
The oldest lighthouse in the world is the Hercules Tower in Spain, built in the first century AD and still in operation.
There is a city in Spain where 700 people have the surname "Japon", because they are descendants of 17th century samurai who remained there as ambassadors of Japan.
There are two Roman dams in Spain that are still in use after 1,900 years.
In 1971, Evita Perron's body was exhumed and flown to Spain, where former Argentine President Juan Perón and his new wife kept the body in their dining room.
Spain was neutral in World War I and II, but experienced a civil war between 1936 and 1939 in which more than 500,000 people were killed.
Spain has two large enclaves, Sauta and Malilla, located in the African continent.
The Aztec emperor Mokatsuma II has a line of descendants who were brought to Spain and became part of the Spanish nobility, holding the title of "Duke Moktsuma de Toltango".
The US has more Spanish speakers than Spain.
Across Spain there are over 16,000 festivals that include cruelty to animals. About 60,000 animals die in them each year.
There is a direct descendant of Christopher Columbus who lives today. He is a Spanish nobleman.
Of all the countries celebrating Independence Day, 58 are celebrating liberation from Britain, 26 from France, 21 from Russia and 21 from Spain.
Spain was Europe's leading force during the 16th and most of the 17th centuries. Its strong position came from wealth in colonial assets and from being the leading naval force in the world.
Spain has a 47-story skyscraper that does not have an elevator.
US Constitution Day falls on September 17, the anniversary of the official signing of the American Constitution in 1787.
The Constitution of the United States is a document created in Pennsylvania, the United States, by hard work and many compromises by the indefatigable constitutional convention representatives - which led to an agreement between the US states that allows the central government the power to impose its decisions and allows the US to stand as an international force, While maintaining a reasonable level of independence in each country separately.
The Constitution, created in 1787, 11 years after the Declaration of Independence, is the supreme law, the highest and most binding legal instrument in the United States legal system and the foundation of the development of the United States as we know it today.
The Constitution of the United States is designed to protect the rights of the individual, equality of rights regardless of religion, race, gender and more.
In 1865, an amendment to the Constitution (No. 13) abolished slavery.
While the constitution was written, people of non-white races and women of all races were not allowed to vote in the elections. It was only in 1870 that the 15th Amendment to the Constitution allowed the Afro-Americans to vote. In 1920, women were allowed to exercise their democratic rights by the 19 th Amendment, and in 1924 the Native-Americans also had the right to vote.
Want to learn more about the US Constitution, answer trivia quizzes, design posters on the subject, etc.? Sign in to the United States Constitution (Constitution) website.
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