Showing posts with label Democracy. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Democracy. Show all posts

Freedom Of Information Day- March 16

On March 16, 1751, a man was born who changed the face of the world forever. His name is James Madison and he was the fourth president of the United States and one of the prominent drafters of its constitution.
James was born in Port Conway, Virginia, the eldest brother of 11 brothers and sisters. His parents had a thriving tobacco plantation where he spent his childhood years. After his father's death, he inherited from him the large tobacco plantation, which covered an area of ​​5,000 acres, and became the largest landowner in Orange County, Virginia, and one of the most important citizens of the area.

During the 1780s he joined the politics of the region and worked successfully to establish a committee to draft a constitution for the United States. Madison stood out in his work on this committee, which convened in Philadelphia in 1787, so much so that he was considered by many to be the "father of the Constitution."
The Freedom of Information Act was enacted in the United States in 1966 on the basis of the American Constitution and is one of the important principles of democracy.

 March 16 is also Panda Day and No Selfies Day

National Religious Freedom Day- January 16

Religions and religious organizations are responsible for a great many good things done in the world, from founding charities all over the world that care about simple people and inspiring them to be better and better on a daily basis, to caring for people in the community who are in distress. Unfortunately, religious organizations often show loyalty only to their members and try to get others to convert or strengthen their faith and change their secular lifestyle.
The consequences can be severe. In ancient times there were persecutions of the Christians by the Romans, in Spain there was the infamous Inquisition, and in Puritan America the witch hunt took place. Today there is the Islamic Jihad that is responsible for terrorist attacks around the world and in Israel there are endless disputes between religious and secular, between Jews and Muslims and more.
Freedom of religion is the right of everyone to live according to his religion and to have equal protection and rights. Freedom of religion is among the universal human rights recognized in liberal and humanist thought and in the hands of the United Nations.

The history of Freedom of Religious Day
On January 16, 1786, shortly after the founding of the United States of America, the General Assembly of Virginia adopted the Virginia Constitution of the Thomas Jefferson Religious Constitution. This law became the basis for what we know today as the First Amendment, which guarantees freedom of religion to all persons residing in the United States. On that day, the President of the United States issued an official declaration that this day is now freedom of religion.
How to celebrate Religious Freedom Day?
A good way to celebrate Freedom Day is to do some research on what life was like before freedom of religion was enshrined in law. This can be done by reading books or watching movies. "Name Downloaded", the book and film is a great example of describing life during the Inquisition, and about how much the Inquisitors were willing to go looking for and punish people suspected of witchcraft.
Movies and books on the subject of the Holocaust, such as "The Diary of Anne Frank," also point to the Nazi persecution of Jews in Europe.

Salman Rushdie's works are very interesting insights, as the author has received death threats for years, following the publication of his famous book "Satan's Verses", in which he wrote a critique of Islam.
Another idea to celebrate Freedom Day is to meet with friends from other religions and talk about the topic and discuss how freedom of religion allows you to live together in peace without persecuting each other.
Freedom of religion is a wonderful and not a matter of course. For many years it did not exist and should be maintained even today. He deserves a day of appreciation and appreciation.

January 16 is also Nothing Day and Appreciate A Dragon Day

Constitution Day in Spain - December 6

Spain's Constitution Day is the day Spain celebrates its becoming a democracy and the enactment of its constitution, on December 6, 1978, after the years of King Franco's dictatorship.
Spain is a country in southwestern Europe located on the Iberian Peninsula and borders Portugal, France, Gibraltar and Andorra.
The official language of Spain is Spanish and its capital is Madrid.

In honor of the Constitution Day celebrated in Spain, get some amazing facts about this country that you probably did not know:
Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union.

The official name of Spain is "Kingdom of Spain".

Defamation of the royal family in Spain can lead to a sentence of up to two years in prison.

In 2013, Spain was in third place in the list of the most visited countries in the world.

There are no words in Spain's national anthem.

The youngest king ever was Alfonso XIII of Spain, who became king from the day he was born.

In 1492, the Catholic kings of Spain issued an order to expel all Jews from Spain. The Muslim Sultan of Izid sent the Ottoman navy to Spain to save the Jews from the persecution of the Spaniards.

Only 72% of Spaniards speak Spanish. The rest speak Catalan, Galician, Basque and other languages.

The first modern man arrived in Iberia (now Spain) about 35,000 years ago on foot from the north.
The Tomatina is an annual festival held in Spain where people throw thousands of tomatoes at each other.

The Eiffel Tower was originally intended for Barcelona, Spain, but the project was rejected.

Source: Instagram 
The Church of the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona has been under construction for over 130 years and construction is expected to be completed by 2026.

Spain had more unemployment in 2013 (27.2%) than the US during the Great Depression (25%).
In 2011, a small town in Spain that was on the verge of economic collapse, participated in the largest lottery in the world and won.

Spanish rice is not known in Spain.

source: Amazon
43% of the world's olive oil is produced in Spain.

In 1894 Japan offered to buy the Philippines from Spain for 40 million pounds.

In 2000, the Spanish disabled basketball team was forced to return their gold medals after it was found that almost all players have no disability.

Spain has no laws against public nudity.

Prostitutes in Spain should wear glowing vests, like the rest of the workers on the roads, to avoid accidents.

The oldest lighthouse in the world is the Hercules Tower in Spain, built in the first century AD and still in operation.

There is a city in Spain where 700 people have the surname "Japon", because they are descendants of 17th century samurai who remained there as ambassadors of Japan.

There are two Roman dams in Spain that are still in use after 1,900 years.

In 1971, Evita Perron's body was exhumed and flown to Spain, where former Argentine President Juan Perón and his new wife kept the body in their dining room.

Spain was neutral in World War I and II, but experienced a civil war between 1936 and 1939 in which more than 500,000 people were killed.

Spain has two large enclaves, Sauta and Malilla, located in the African continent.

The Aztec emperor Mokatsuma II has a line of descendants who were brought to Spain and became part of the Spanish nobility, holding the title of "Duke Moktsuma de Toltango".

The US has more Spanish speakers than Spain.

Across Spain there are over 16,000 festivals that include cruelty to animals. About 60,000 animals die in them each year.

There is a direct descendant of Christopher Columbus who lives today. He is a Spanish nobleman.
Of all the countries celebrating Independence Day, 58 are celebrating liberation from Britain, 26 from France, 21 from Russia and 21 from Spain.

Spain was Europe's leading force during the 16th and most of the 17th centuries. Its strong position came from wealth in colonial assets and from being the leading naval force in the world.

Spain has a 47-story skyscraper that does not have an elevator.
Spanish flag

December 6 is also Miners' Day and Finland's Independence Day

Individual Rights Day - August 29

John Locke is considered the father of liberalism and the democratic regime in modern times. He was an English philosopher who dealt with metaphysics, epistemology and political philosophy.
His most famous book, "Two Treatises of Government", written in the 80's of the 17th century, before the "Glorious Revolution" (1688), published by conducted without bloodshed.
Locke's doctrine greatly influenced the American liberal-democratic conception and the United States Constitution. On the enactment of laws that include individual rights, liberty, property, freedom of expression, freedom of religion and freedom to express opposition to the government.
Thomas Jefferson named him one of the three greatest people known to mankind.
He died on 28 Oct 1704.
The Day of Individual Rights was initiated by the founder of the Objectivist Party, Dr. Tom Stevens, who supports John Locke's philosophies regarding the rights of the smallest minority in society and the basic unit - the individual. Examining your state's commitment to protecting individual rights and assessing individual freedom of choice.


John Locke (1632-1704)


Constitution Day (or Citizenship Day) in the United States - September 17

US Constitution Day falls on September 17, the anniversary of the official signing of the American Constitution in 1787.

The Constitution of the United States is a document created in Pennsylvania, the United States, by hard work and many compromises by the indefatigable constitutional convention representatives - which led to an agreement between the US states that allows the central government the power to impose its decisions and allows the US to stand as an international force, While maintaining a reasonable level of independence in each country separately.

The Constitution, created in 1787, 11 years after the Declaration of Independence, is the supreme law, the highest and most binding legal instrument in the United States legal system and the foundation of the development of the United States as we know it today.

The Constitution of the United States is designed to protect the rights of the individual, equality of rights regardless of religion, race, gender and more.

In 1865, an amendment to the Constitution (No. 13) abolished slavery.

While the constitution was written, people of non-white races and women of all races were not allowed to vote in the elections. It was only in 1870 that the 15th Amendment to the Constitution allowed the Afro-Americans to vote. In 1920, women were allowed to exercise their democratic rights by the 19 th Amendment, and in 1924 the Native-Americans also had the right to vote.

Want to learn more about the US Constitution, answer trivia quizzes, design posters on the subject, etc.? Sign in to the United States Constitution (Constitution) website.

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