Showing posts with label Laws. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Laws. Show all posts

National Religious Freedom Day- January 16

Religions and religious organizations are responsible for a great many good things done in the world, from founding charities all over the world that care about simple people and inspiring them to be better and better on a daily basis, to caring for people in the community who are in distress. Unfortunately, religious organizations often show loyalty only to their members and try to get others to convert or strengthen their faith and change their secular lifestyle.
The consequences can be severe. In ancient times there were persecutions of the Christians by the Romans, in Spain there was the infamous Inquisition, and in Puritan America the witch hunt took place. Today there is the Islamic Jihad that is responsible for terrorist attacks around the world and in Israel there are endless disputes between religious and secular, between Jews and Muslims and more.
Freedom of religion is the right of everyone to live according to his religion and to have equal protection and rights. Freedom of religion is among the universal human rights recognized in liberal and humanist thought and in the hands of the United Nations.

The history of Freedom of Religious Day
On January 16, 1786, shortly after the founding of the United States of America, the General Assembly of Virginia adopted the Virginia Constitution of the Thomas Jefferson Religious Constitution. This law became the basis for what we know today as the First Amendment, which guarantees freedom of religion to all persons residing in the United States. On that day, the President of the United States issued an official declaration that this day is now freedom of religion.
How to celebrate Religious Freedom Day?
A good way to celebrate Freedom Day is to do some research on what life was like before freedom of religion was enshrined in law. This can be done by reading books or watching movies. "Name Downloaded", the book and film is a great example of describing life during the Inquisition, and about how much the Inquisitors were willing to go looking for and punish people suspected of witchcraft.
Movies and books on the subject of the Holocaust, such as "The Diary of Anne Frank," also point to the Nazi persecution of Jews in Europe.

Salman Rushdie's works are very interesting insights, as the author has received death threats for years, following the publication of his famous book "Satan's Verses", in which he wrote a critique of Islam.
Another idea to celebrate Freedom Day is to meet with friends from other religions and talk about the topic and discuss how freedom of religion allows you to live together in peace without persecuting each other.
Freedom of religion is a wonderful and not a matter of course. For many years it did not exist and should be maintained even today. He deserves a day of appreciation and appreciation.

January 16 is also Nothing Day and Appreciate A Dragon Day

Repeal Day - December 5

Repeal Day is an unofficial holiday in the United States in honor of the end of the prohibition on this date in 1933.

The prohibition was a period between 1920 and 1933 in which alcohol was outlawed throughout the United States.

The Prohibition Act was enacted on January 16, 1919 under the leadership of Andrew Volstead, an American member of the Republican Party from Minnesota, and entered the U.S. Constitution as the 18th Amendment.

It went into effect a year later, on January 16, 1920 and banned the production, transportation and sale of liquor throughout the United States.


From the moment the law went into effect, the dry season began in the United States.

The reason for enacting the law was the perception that the state should protect the citizens from the bad things they are doing to themselves and alcohol was a major cause of many damages.

For 13 years the drought laws have existed in the US but they have not been able to solve the problem. As you can probably imagine, people like to be free and decide for themselves what is good for them, so many opposed the law and thus developed a "black market" of alcohol that led to an increase in crime.

Mafia organizations began to engage in alcohol smuggling and distribution in a dangerous manner and the capitalists who wanted to return the trade in alcoholic beverages legally pressed the government to repeal the laws.

On December 5, 1933, the 21st Amendment to the United States Constitution was repealed repealing the 18th Amendment and ending the dry season that caused more trouble than good.

Interesting facts about the Prohibition

The United States was not the only country to enact laws against everything to do with alcohol. Russia, Iceland, Norway, Finland, and Prince Edward Island also experienced periods of drought during the 20th century.

Repeal Day is the only holiday in the United States that celebrates a change in their constitution.

The dry laws have contributed to the flourishing of gangster organizations, especially in Chicago which has become a haven for dry law violators. The most famous gangsters, like El Capone and his rival Bugs Moran, made millions of dollars from selling smuggled liquor. By the end of the turbulent 1920s El Capone controlled 10,000 pubs called Speakeasy in Chicago and the liquor business in the area between Canada and Florida.

Speakeasy (also called "Blind Pig" or "Blind Tiger") were institutions that illegally sold liquor. After the repeal of the Dryness Act, Speakeasy disappeared and today the term is used in the United States to describe pubsthat are unfamiliar with an intimate atmosphere, especially those that are far from large entertainment areas.

When the law went into effect, the law enforcement task was assigned to a special police force of 1,520 federal agents.

Many people have paid with their lives for trying to enforce the laws of drought. Eleven U.S. Coast Guard law enforcement personnel were killed between 1925 and 1927 in an attempt to thwart smuggling. In the Ministry of Finance, 56 people were killed between 1920 and 1927 when they tried to interfere with the mafia trading in alcohol. In the Ministry of Justice also 34 people were killed between 1930 and 1934. In addition to law enforcement, thousands of people have died from drinking counterfeit liquor.


Instead of reducing the scale of crime, the Drought Act turned some cities into battlefields between rival gangs engaged in liquor smuggling. The amount of crime only increased. During the years 1920–1921, acts of theft and burglary increased by 9%, murders by 12.7%, the number of assaults increased by 13%, drug use increased by 44.6% and police expenditure increased by 11.4%. All of these were mostly the result of so-called "black market violence" and the distraction from crimes unrelated to the law of drought.

The Drought Act has managed to change the habits of the population regarding alcohol consumption, but temporarily. It halved consumption during the 1920s but until the 1940s, the level of consumption returned to the level it was before the ban.

How to celebrate Repeal Day?

Go out and celebrate at the bar in the style of Speakeasy  as in the 1920s. Find a quiet and intimate neighborhood pub where you can have a drink with friends. Just make sure you have a driver who did not drink after the party.

If you are in the United States, you will see special promotions in honor of the Repal Day.

Try cocktails like Moscow Mule, Margarita, Martini, Manhattan, Daiquiri, Negroni, Old Fashion and more. Do not forget that there are mocktails too! Mocktails are refreshing cocktails that do not contain alcohol and allow you to enjoy a drink without suffering from hangovers and without fogging your senses. If you are under 18, the cocktails are great for you to celebrate Repeal Day.

Happy Repeal Day!


End of Prohibition - Farewell 18th Amendment
Celebrating End of Prohibition - Farewell 18th Amendment

December 5th is also Ninja Day and Soil Day

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