|Italy animated gifs|
June 2 is Italy's Republic Day (Festa della Repubblica), a national holiday observed in commemoration of the institutional referendum held as a general poll in 1946, following the end of World War 2.
On that day the Italian people were called to decide upon the form of government to be established following the defeat of the Fascist regime. The poll resulted in the overthrow of the Fascist party and the termination of the monarchy in favor of a democratic republic. King Umberto II and all other male members of the Savoy royal family were sent to exile. They and their descendants were forbidden by law to set foot on Italian soil.
This prohibition was lifted only in 2002. Republic Day is commemorated in Italy by a grand military parade and a spectacular aerial demonstration. The parade sets out from the center of Rome, in the presence of the president of the Italian Republic, the prime minister and other notaries.
Parades are also conducted in other cities and towns throughout Italy.
If you don't happen to be in Italy on Republic Day, you can express empathy by feasting on Italian dishes such as pizza or pasta, watching Italian cinema such as movies by Federico Fellini, listening to Italian tunes and lyrics, etc.
March 20 is the day of the famous and delicious Italian dish, the ravioli.
Ravioli is a dish made from two layers of pasta dough filled with different mixtures of meat, fish, seafood, egg yolks, cheese, potatoes, mushrooms, spinach, pumpkin, chestnuts, artichokes and more.
Some interesting facts about the ravioli:
The word ravioli is reminiscent of the word riavvolgere in Italian (meaning "wrap"); The word may also be related to the Italian word rava (turnips).
The shape of the ravioli can be rectangular, triangular, crescent or round.
In the picture: set for ravioli
The sauce that is usually served with the ravioli is tomato sauce. Fine fillings require more delicate sauces such as sauces based on butter and sage leaves or pesto.
At the US Veterans' Dinner on 11 November, Ravioli serves as a main course.
As a dessert for a meal, you can make ravioli from chocolate dough. (Recipe link)
The shape of the ravioli can be rectangular, triangular, crescent or round.
Human Spirit Day is celebrated around the world in honor of the free thought and power of the human spirit, in memory of the philosopher Giordano Bruno, who was executed by burning at the stake on February 17, 1600, for presenting beliefs contrary to the spirit of the Catholic Church at the time.
Giordano Bruno was a scientist, philosopher and astronomer born in 1548 in southern Italy during the Renaissance.
When he was born he was called Filippo, but when he grew up and was 17, he decided to become a Dominican monk and his master in the monastery gave him a new name: Giordano, after the Jordan River that always flows, like Filippo's thoughts. In 1572 he was ordained a priest.
Bruno was a very learned and curious man, who read countless books and writings. He was interested in Egyptian philosophy, memory and mythology and was greatly influenced by the ideas of the Greek philosopher Plato and the Polish mathematician astronomer Copernicus. His interest in science was not well received among the Dominican order at the time and he was forced to leave Italy to escape the Inquisition, the Catholic institution that persecuted, tortured and executed anyone considered to be opposed to religion.
Bruno traveled around Europe and managed to teach philosophy and write books about his new ideas, each time finding people who gave him protection from the Catholic Church like the King of France, Henry III.
In 1583 he came to England and tried to be accepted for teaching at the University of Oxford. He was not accepted even though Henry III recommended him. He was also unable to be accepted to other universities in England.
Because of his preoccupation with memory he was accused of practicing witchcraft and because of his connections with the French king he was accused of being a spy for France, but he stuck to his ideas and kept exploring and disseminating them.
He published important writings such as "The Italian Dialogues", and defended Copernicus' teachings about the universe. He introduced the theory of the structure of the universe and argued that the stars visible in the sky are suns, the universe is infinite and contains many worlds.
In 1585 he returned to Paris, but because of his views against the Catholic Church even there he was no longer accepted by the people, and he left for Germany.
In Germany he was accepted for a teaching position at the University of Wittenberg, where he taught for two years. In 1588 he was forced to leave Germany and move to Prague, after the name of the intellectual climate also changed and it became undesirable. In Prague he received money from King Rudolf II, but did not find a teaching post. He returned to Germany and was a professor at the University of Helmstedt in northern Germany, which he too was forced to leave when boycotted by Lutherans.
In 1951, while in Frankfurt, he received an invitation to Venice from Giovanni Mochenigo, one of the city's rulers, who asked him to help him develop his memory. He also heard about a vacancy teaching position for mathematics at the University of Padua. At that time the conservative pope Sixtus V died, and Bruno thought that now the Inquisition had lost its power, and would be safe to return to Italy.
He taught for a year at Padua, until he was fired and in his place the post was handed over to Galileo Galilei.
He moved to Venice and there taught Giovanni Mochenigo, the ruler who invited him to help him with his memory problems. Mochango expected Bruno to open his memory with magic, and was disappointed when Bruno taught him his system of shortcuts. Out of anger, Mochengo turned Bruno over to the Inquisition. On May 22, 1592, Bruno was arrested and sent to Rome for trial.
For six years Bruno was imprisoned. The Inquisition required him to fully deny his ideas but he refused. He was declared a heretic and burned at the stake on February 17, 1600 in Campo di Fiori, Rome. To prevent him from continuing to speak, the Inquisitors nailed his tongue to his jaw. To ease his agony during the execution, they tied a bag of gunpowder around his neck as they brought him to the stake.
Giordano Bruno is considered the first person to be executed by religion, in the name of science. He is considered the first "martyr" (martyred saint), who was willing to die for his faith in science.
He was accused of not believing in ductism, the belief that a third was not a physical body of man, and that he did not believe in the Holy Trinity. Until the last minute Bruno refused to back down from his ideas and when his sentence was read he said: "Perhaps you pronounce this sentence against me with greater fear than I receive it."
(This is probably why they decided to nail his tongue).
After his death, in 1603, he began to gain recognition for his ideas and they were compiled and published in the book.
In 1899 a monument was erected in his memory, in Campo de 'Fiori, Italy, the place where he was executed.
Around 2000, 400 years after Bruno's execution, during the tenure of Pope John Paul II, the Christian Church expressed "deep sorrow" at the execution and recognized it as a mistake.
On the day of the human spirit people all over the world are invited to think about the right they have to free thought, which is not a matter of course. This day is designed to promote peace, love and creativity in the world and eliminate the bad thoughts, egos and aggression that create conflicts.
February 17 is also My Way day
February 13th is a special day for Italian stuffed pasta lovers - Tortellini Day!
The tortellini are stuffed pasta dumplings in the shape of a ring reminiscent of a shell, usually in a mixture of meat, cheese or vegetables (especially spinach, sweet potatoes and pumpkin).
The tortellini originates from Emilia, Bologna and Modena in Italy. They are served mostly with soups or in a creamy sauce and ragout (meat sauce). The sauces they are served with are usually based on butter, olive oil, tomatoes, mushrooms and cheeses and their taste is done so that they do not even exceed the taste of the tortilla filling.
The origin of the name Tortellini is from the word "Tortellini", which in Italian means cake.
The first time the tortellini is mentioned in history is in 1664, in the book "The Economy of the City in the Villa" (L'economia del cittadino in villa) in which it is described as butter-cooked. Originally the tortellini was meant to recycle the leftover meat from the tables of the rich nobles for the poor in the area.
In 1842, the French bibliographic traveler Antoine Claude-Pasquain described the tortellini stuffed with beef, egg yolk and Parmesan cheese.
The big brother of the tortellini is the tortelloni. This is a larger version with vegetable filling, served with sauce and not with soup.
Members of an organization called the "The Learned Order of the Tortellini" in Bologna, Italy, wear special tortellini-shaped hats, in red and gold, for their meetings. They also wear a ribbon around their necks with a gold tortilla pendant. Members of the Order dedicate their lives to preserving the traditional tortellini.
There are many ways to make tortellini. In honor of the tortellini day, learn how to make it stuffed with what you like, and use the tens of thousands of recipes on the net. Another option is to go out to an Italian restaurant and order a tortellini.
The Pizza day begins on February 9, is a national food day in the US, but it is celebrated happily among the many pizza lovers around the world. Pizza Day is a perfect holiday, the opportunity for anyone who's crazy about pizza (like me) to order pizza or prepare at home, without excuses and without guilt.
The history of pizza
The pizza is known to be a food originating in Italy, and the first time it appeared was in the tenth century in Naples. The pizza started out as a simple food that poor people who did not have much to eat prepared. This amazing dish started out as something that simple peasants who did not have enough food could afford: dough, tomatoes and cheese.
The invention of the pizza
The base of the pizza is probably the pita brought by the Arabs who occupied parts of southern Italy at the beginning of the tenth century. The Italians upgraded the idea and put on a pita dough a variety of Italian dishes, including hard cheeses.
Only later was added tomato sauce pizza. The tomatoes arrived in Europe at the beginning of the 16th century, when Europeans circled around the world for commercial purposes, reaching, among others, Peru in South America.
The Europeans initially did not eat the tomatoes because they thought they were toxic to humans, but soon the use of tomatoes became very popular, especially for the poor.
The poor from Naples, Italy, were the first to add tomatoes to the pizza dough. The idea was successful and spread throughout the region. The classic pizza in Italy is a margherita pizza, the three ingredients of which are white cheese, green basil and red tomato sauce. These colors symbolize the colors of the Italian flag.
The pizza arrived in the United States at the end of the 18th century with the Italian immigrants, and in 1905 a man named Lombardi opened the first pizzeria in America, in New York City, but Lombardi's pizzeria still exists and works in Manhattan, in the Nolita neighborhood.
How to Celebrate Pizza Day
Should I really tell you how to celebrate Pizza Day? come on.
Well, it's obvious to eat pizza no matter how you get it and what. You may also tell us what your favorite pizza is and what additions you like with your pizza.
|Pizza animated gifs|
Pizza coloring pages
February 9 is also Bagel Day
November 4 is the anniversary of the signing of a ceasefire agreement, called the 'Armistice of Villa Giusti', which ended the battles between Italy and Austria-Hungary at the end of World War I.
Villa Giusti is located in Padua in northern Italy and is known for having signed the armistice agreement on November 3, 1918, and is therefore also called the "Armistice Villa" (Italian: Villa Armistizio). The armistice agreement entered into force 24 hours later, on 4 November.
In this agreement the Austro-Hungarian forces surrendered to Italy after being defeated at the Battle of Vittorio Veneto, and it was an important part of the decision to end World War II shortly afterwards, on 11 November.
Following the victory Italy annexed to itself some important parts of Austria, such as the port city of Trieste and South Tyrol.
|A castle in the port city of Trieste in northern Italy|
|The Trieste Stock Exchange Building|
How do Italians celebrate Unity Day and Army Day?
On November 4 and a few days earlier, visitors begin to pay their respects in Italy by visiting and laying flowers at the monument to the Italian unknown soldier (Milite Ignoto) at the Altare della Patria in Piazza Venezia, Rome. The First World and Vittorio-Veneto, the site of the last and decisive battle between the Royal Italian Army and the Austro-Hungarian Army.
|Redipuglia War Memorial|
The President of Italy and the Minister of Defense convey to the Italian Armed Forces a greeting and gratitude on behalf of the entire country.
The Quirinal Palace has a guard exchange ceremony, a ceremony that takes place only on two other days of the year: the Tricolor Day celebrations (January 7) and Republic Day (June 2).
|Guard exchange ceremony at Piazza del Quirinale|
Italian military forces usually open their facilities to the public and allow visits to naval military units. In the military buildings that are open to the public, weapons exhibitions and exhibitions on the subject of the First World War are held. Sports and gymnastics demonstrations by soldiers are also often held.
In the squares of the great Italian cities, concerts of military bands are held, and many celebrations are held in each city in front of its monument to the fallen.
World Pasta Day, celebrated on 25 October each year, is a day that people around the world celebrate the existence of the doughy culinary pleasure molded into funny little ways, which called Pasta.
Pasta is a staple of the Italian cuisine, and the first evidences for it were in communities in Sicily, in 1154.
Pasta is one of the favorite dishes on food consumers worldwide.
There are more than 600 shapes of pasta known to mankind, and their names are descriptions of their forms. Spaghetti ("Cable"), noodles ("little worms"), rotini ( "spirals"), fusili ( "skills"), tortellini ("little cakes"), linguine ("little tongues"), Conchiglie ("envelopes"), fettuccine ("small ribbons"), contact ("spikes") and Capellini ("fine hairs").
The idea behind the pasta day assigned by World Pasta Congress in 1995, is that if you want to celebrate the pasta day at home, gather all family at the table, eat spaghetti and meatballs and behaved like real Italian, that means speak aloud to one another, Lick your fingers with Kiss movement and Say 'Eccellente!'.
|Spaghetti animated gifs|
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