Showing posts with label history. Show all posts
Showing posts with label history. Show all posts

Biographers' Day - May 16

Biographers' Day is celebrated on May 16 each year, to celebrate the honor of biographers who teach us about famous people and their resumes that inspire us through biographies.

This day was set in honor of the first meeting of the writer Samuel Johnson and his biographer James Boswell on 16 May 1763 in London, at a bookstore near Covent Garden. They became good friends and almost 30 years later Boswell published the story of Johnson's life, in a book that became the most glorious English biography.

Biographies are the writing of a person's life history. The biography can describe a real or fictional person, but usually the reference in the biography is to the resume of a character living or lived in reality. The biographies can be written as a simple text and also as an expression of complex ideas and narratives. The biographies are not only the dry facts about a person's life, but also a description of the feelings and thoughts that accompanied him.

Biographies for children are a great way to teach them the history of mankind and its achievements.

Biographical writing has not always enjoyed popularity. Biographical conventions have evolved considerably over the centuries. The current version of the biography was discovered in the 18th century, and is closely related to the biography written by James Boswell, "The Life of Samuel Johnson." The biography was written in a warm, broad, uncompromising and exhaustively detailed manner, and discovered the new way of writing the biography by James Boswell. It is actually the one who formulated the biography format that has become very popular to this day.

How to celebrate Biography Day?

The best way to celebrate National Biographers Day is to read or write the biography of someone who has influenced your life. Is it a poet, engineer, businessman, writer or politician? You can also update old biographies of people you like on Wikipedia. If you are a biographer yourself, share the biography you have written. Post photos and share thoughts on social media using the hashtag #BiographersDay.

May 16 is also Sea Monkeys Day

World Freedom Day- November 9

In many parts of the world, freedom is something taken for granted - the freedom to choose a religious or secular way of life, the freedom to be in relationships with the person you love, the freedom to dress, to travel from one place to another ... and the list goes on. Unfortunately, there are many places in the world where these freedoms are not available to most people, who are forced to live empty, frustrating and inadequate lives because the authorities do not allow them to choose.
If you do not know the fear of expressing your opinion, you are considered lucky people who live in a place where freedom is a basic human right. Like every good thing, the existence of freedom must be celebrated and for this to mark the World Day of Freedom.  
The reason for choosing this day as World Freedom Day is to mark the event of the fall of the Berlin Wall on that date in 1989.
The Berlin Wall was a fortified wall that surrounded the western Berlin enclave between 1961-1989. The wall divided Berlin into two parts: East Berlin controlled by East Germany and Western Berlin under the control of West Germany, and the separation between West Berlin and East Germany.
The Berlin Wall in 1963, a view from the western side of East Berlin (Source: Roger Wollstadt - Flickr)

On August 13, 1961, the East Germans began building the wall, which almost completely severed the connection between East and West and dramatically affected the lives of Berliners on both sides. The wall was considered one of the main symbols of the Cold War for more than twenty-eight years. Its opponents sometimes called the wall "the wall of shame" (Schandmauer).
The wall became overnight a barrier that prevented East Berliners from exercising freedom of movement in their city, and those who tried to cross it found themselves at high risk of dying from the bullets of East German border guards. Over the years, the wall was fortified and reinforced by other means, to the extent that it became an almost insurmountable barrier, and as a result, escape attempts were rare in recent years.
The fall of the wall on November 9, 1989 was a formative event, symbolizing more than anything else the fall of the Communist regimes in those years and the end of the Cold War. Following its overthrow, Germany was reunified in 1990, and reunited Berlin became the capital of Germany.

November 9 is also Chaos Never Dies Day

International Workers' Day - May 1st

The 1st of May every year is International Workers' Day, which is a day of identification and struggle for the working class, better working conditions and the strengthening of workers' organizations.

Labor Day is a very old holiday. It began in the 1980s, when workers demanded that the working day be limited to eight hours. Workers' unions in Toronto, Canada, demonstrated on April 15, 1872, for the release of 24 printing workers who went on strike in order to limit the working day to 9 hours. They were arrested because workers' union and strike were then illegal. May 1 was set as the ultimatum to change the workday to 8 hours. The workers' demands were not met and they launched a general strike. On May 4, 1886, a demonstration in the city of Chicago went out of control and turned into a riot, killing about 60 protesters and seven policemen. Following this, the socialist movement turned its flag into a red flag, as a reminder of the blood of the working class that was shed. The riots that erupted that day were called the Haymarket affair.
Today the holiday is celebrated in most countries of the world.

In the photo: the demonstration in the Haymarket affair, May 15, 1886

May 1st is also Lei Day

Frozen Food day - March 6

 National Frozen Food Day is celebrated every year on March 6, in honor of the meals and snacks in the freezer.
Two inventions enabled the realization of the great idea of ​​food freezing: the invention of the freezer and the invention of technologies for preparing food that can be frozen.
The invention of frozen foods has greatly improved our lives. Instead of throwing away food that has become unfresh, you can freeze it indefinitely and eat it whenever you want, after bringing it back to life to be fresh with no problem!

The history of frozen food
Freezing food slows down its decay by turning excess moisture into ice and inhibits the growth of most bacterial strains. From the dawn of history, farmers, fishermen, hunters and trappers have kept their produce in unheated storage places during the winter season.
For centuries, tribes that lived in places where the climate was cold used natural food freezing. In 1885, a small number of chickens and geese were sent from Russia to London in insulated crates thanks to the use of this technique. As early as 1899 there was a developed import of frozen food from Russia to London during the 4 winter months. The imported food has been supplied to cities all over England such as Birmingham, Liverpool and Manchester. They then began to use the freezer to import meat.
In 1929, Clarence Birdseye , a U.S. government biologist, proposed to the U.S. government the "flash freeze" method of vegetables, meats, fruits and seafood to preserve the taste and quality of food. Clarence created Birdseye Seafoods products and developed the rapid freezing process that included special packaging. After winning the first patent for the frozen food freezing process in the United States in 1927, he founded Birdseye and today he and his company are considered some of the founders of the frozen food industry.

Further attempts to promote frozen food were made by Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of US President Franklin Roosevelt, during her visit to Russia. At the end of World War II, the Allies also tried to freeze orange juice, ice cream and vegetables.
In 1945, Maxson Food Systems produced the first frozen meal. They created the "Strato-Plates" - whole meals reheated on the plane for military and civilian plane passengers. Meals included a basic three-piece equation of meat, vegetables and potatoes, each housed in its own separate compartment on a plastic plate. However, for economic reasons and the death of their founder, Maxson's frozen meals never went on the retail market.
Following Maxson Foods Systems came Jack Fisher's frozen dinners, the FridgiDinners. In the late 1940s meals were sold to bars and taverns.
In 1949, brothers Albert and Meyer Bernstein founded Frozen Dinners. They packed frozen dinners on three-compartment aluminum trays. They sold them under the label "One-Eyed Eskimo" and marketed them only in the Pittsburgh area. By 1950, the company had produced over 400,000 frozen dinners. They later expanded distribution to markets east of the Mississippi.
The concept caught on and took off from 1954 when Swanson's frozen meals appeared. Swanson invented the brand of frozen dinners in front of the TV (TV Dinners). Meals that do not require any cooking skills. Just preheat the oven and cook the frozen food for the required time.

Tv Dinner Ad frozen meal
Tv Dinner Ad 1963 (link)
Over the years, TV meals have been developed to meet consumer demands. Frozen food companies have started putting out family-sized meals, health-conscious meals and even meals of organic food.
Frozen food, no matter how comfortably prepared, at that time was still heated inside the traditional oven, in a process that would have been time consuming. It was only in the early 1940s and 1950s that faster and easier heating options began to enter the picture.
In 1945, Percy Spencer, an American self-taught engineer, accidentally discovered the idea of ​​using microwaves to heat food.
The Raytheon company he worked for bought the idea from him and registered a patent for the microwave cooking process. In 1947 the first commercial microwave oven was built.
National Frozen Food Day was founded on March 6, 1984 by President Ronald Reagan who wanted to encourage the safe development of food freezing processes. This was after microwaves became accessible to the general public during the 1970s-80s.
During these periods, grocery stores barely devoted a small portion of their sales shelves to frozen foods. Nowadays, however, stores often make room for several aisles of frozen foods from different companies that allow consumers to heat up ready-made foods in less than 30 minutes.

How to celebrate Frozen Food Day?
Frozen food day celebration can be a great opportunity to learn new things about the history of food, and also just enjoy the comforts that frozen foods bring to modern life.
Another option for celebrating frozen food day is to go out to the shops and look at the frozen food departments, see how big and rich they are and how today any food can be found in a frozen version, which was not the case fifty years ago and even less! Today, many brands and product lines have let innovation work and produced new lines of frozen food, taking into account the changing habits and nutritional requirements of the customer base. Today there are many food options like gluten free, vegan, vegetarian, kosher, halal and so on.
Learn more interesting facts about frozen foods, such as:
Freezing is the best method of preserving food. It keeps food fresher than other methods, like canning or drying.
Frozen foods are frozen at the peak of their ripening. This means that some of them may be more nutritious from "fresh" produce that has been traveling for weeks to get to the grocery store.
Nutritious foods can be enjoyed throughout the year using the freezing process, even in climates where produce does not grow well during the winter months.
Frozen foods do not require additional preservatives or sodium, making them no less healthy than fresh foods.
Food can be stored in the freezer for 3 to 8 months, depending on the type of food. Pre-frozen vegetables can be frozen for 8 months. Carrots, cabbage and beetroots can be frozen for 8-10 months. Fresh tomatoes and herbs can be frozen for two months. Fresh peppers: 6 months. Corn cob: 8 months. Bananas: 3 months, apples: 8 months, bread, rolls: 3-5 months if you put them straight into the freezer, and 2-3 weeks if you opened the package, took out a slice and returned it to the freezer.

National Geographic Day - January 27th

On January 27, 1888, National Geographic was founded. The goal of the organization was to explore the world and promote knowledge in the general public. Nine months after it was founded, its first magazine was published and since then it has been published regularly, once a month, 12 times a year.
The first director of National Geographic was Alexander Graham Bell, the British scientist and inventor who invented Bell's phone (many think he was the one who invented the telephone, but there is controversy over this and some consider Antonio Mauchi the inventor of the telephone prototype).

For almost 130 years, the magazine has reviewed and published thousands of topics, presenting its readers with articles and pictures of distant lands, remote islands, magical and breathtaking landscapes, rare animals, wonderful plants and special and exotic customs of people from other cultures.
At first the magazine consisted of many text articles and few drawings. But when they saw that the popularity of the sheets containing many images was greater, the publishers switched to extensive pictorial content.
Thousands of issues have covered the magazine since its inception. From beautiful dancers on the island of Bali to brutal killing of animals by hunters. Thanks to the magazine people got to know new things that never occurred to them and were not even able to imagine. Thanks to him the distant and unfamiliar world became closer and closer.
The articles published in the monthly deal with a variety of topics such as history, science, geography and geology, and from time to time a special edition is published dedicated to a particular topic. Recently, the magazine has been particularly vocal on environmental issues such as deforestation and endangered species. The magazine has won many accolades for the beautiful and quality photography and the quality of the booklets and is well known due to the detailed maps that are published alongside articles about various places around the world.

On September 1, 1997, the National Geographic television channel was founded, which is a documentary channel that deals mainly with geography, hiking, animals and science.
One of the most famous stories of the magazine, is the story of the girl who scribbled exile from Afghanistan. In 1985, a photo of photographer Steve McCurry was published on the front page, showing the face of an Afghan girl with bright green eyes and a penetrating look. The girl's figure became famous all over the world. After the United States invaded Afghanistan, they began searching for it and in 2002 it was identified as an exile, an refugee of Afghan origin who fled to the United States during the war. The story of her life was published in the March 2003 issue and a documentary series was made about it on the National Geographic television channel. The organization has set up a foundation named after Sharbat Gola, whose funds have established a number of schools in Kabul, Afghanistan, and has promoted the education of girls in Afghanistan and other countries in the region, including food and drink concerns.

The Afghan Girl - Link to the article  
The organization has supported other important and significant projects such as the North Pole Expedition of Robert Piri and Matthew Anson, Antarctica Exploration by Robert Barlett, the excavations at Hiram Bingham's Machu Picchu, the first flight over Richard Byrd's South Pole, the Underwater Diving of Jacques Costo, Jane Goodall's Chimpanzee Exploration, Diane Pussy's Gorilla Exploration, George Bass' Archaeological Exploration, Robert Blard's Decked Titanic Discovery, Paul Zerno's Dinosaur Exploration and more. 
In honor of National Geographic Day, look for issues of the magazine at home or at your parents 'or grandparents' house. In many libraries you can also browse the magazines. If you have the TV channel, watch interesting shows. We tend to take the existence of the National Geographic for granted, but when you think about it, its contribution to humanity is so important, enormous and significant and without it we would have known much less and perhaps the development of humanity would have been slower.

National Geographic title page (source)  

International Holocaust Remembrance Day – January 27

January 27 was chosen unanimously in 2005 by the United Nations General Assembly as International Holocaust Remembrance Day. On that date in 1945, the Red Army entered the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp complex and liberated the 7500 remnants of the detainees, those who somehow survived the atrocities inflicted on them by the Nazi camp guardians. Since 2005, International Holocaust Remembrance day is observed annually by the United Nations member states in commemoration of that event and in honor of the victims and the survivors of the Holocaust.

Some facts you should know about the Holocaust

·         Approximately one third of the Jewish people in the world, about 6 million men, women and children were massacred by the Nazis and their accomplices during the Holocaust. Altogether it is estimated that about 11 million people were murdered by the Nazis in the holocaust.

·         Beside Jews, the Nazis persecuted and murdered Gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah Witnesses crippled people and other minority groups, sending them to forced labor and extermination camp. Millions of people of all ages belonging to these groups as well anyone suspected of resistance to the Nazi regime were ruthlessly murdered.

·         At least 1.1 million children were slaughtered by the Nazis and their accomplices during the Holocaust.

·         In October 1941, more than 50,000 civilians, most of them Jews, were brutally murdered by Rumanian Fascist forces under the orders of Lieutenant-Colonel Nicolae Deleanu who participated personally in the carnage. The event is known as the Odessa Massacre.

·         In 1945, General Dwight D. Eisenhower(who was the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force during World War II and later served as president of the United States) foresaw the forthcoming attempts to deny the Holocaust. He therefore summoned press reporters to witness the effects of the atrocities inflicted by the Nazis on their victims.

·         Bergen-Belsen, the concentration camp in which Anne Frankperished, was liberated by British troops a few weeks after her death.


 Japan allowed Jewish refugees shelter within its borders in spite of protests by Nazi Germany, Japan's military ally during the war.

·         Hitler planned to collect thousands of personal artifacts that were pillaged from the Jews who were deported from Bohemia and Moravia to extermination camps in order to create a "museum of anextinct race" after the war.

·         Hitler never set foot in a concentration camp.

·         Witold Pilecki, a Roman Catholic Polish soldier who served as a member of the Polishresistance, volunteered to be imprisoned in the Auschwitz death camp in 1941 in order to gather intelligence, escape and inform the Allied forces of the Nazi atrocities carried out in the camp. He managed to escape after nearly two and a half years of imprisonment and presented the Allies an official report known as Witold's Report.

·       The Mosque in Paris helped Jews escape the Nazis by providing them with false Islamic identities during World  War II.

·         Denial of the Holocaust is considered a crime in seventeen countries, including Germany and Austria.

·         More than 870,000 Jews were murdered in Treblinka by a staff of no more than 150 members.

·         Descendants of a Moslem family who gave shelter to Jews in Bosnia during the holocaust were later rescued by Israel during the Bosnian genocidein1995. They immigrated to Israel and converted to Judaism.

And last but not least, here's a fact not known to many of us:

Dr. Ernst Leitz II, header of the Leitz optics company and  producer of the Leica cameras, along side with his daughter, saved hundreds of Jewish employees of his company and their families who were persecuted by the Nazi regime under the Nuremberg Laws. He did this in the years 1938-1939 by assigning those employees to sales departments abroad, mainly in the United States, England, France and Hong Kong in an operation known as the Leica Freedom Train. Elsie Kuehn-Leittz, Ernst's daughter, was caught and imprisoned by the Gestapo but was eventually freed. For her and her father's humanitarian efforts, she was awarded numerous honors after the war had ended. See also a short video on Youtube on this subject.

 More pertinent fact about the Holocaust can be found on the Web, as for example in the following recommended link.

Rubber Duckie Day- January 13

The rubber ducks have a long and respectable history in the world of children, and most of us had at least one rubber duck in the collection of childhood toys.
It is not clear why January 13 was announced as the rubber ducks day, but it is quite clear that this bath toy deserves a respectful day of its own.

Fun facts about rubber ducks:

The first rubber ducks were made in the 19th century and were yellow in color. The manufacturers used vulcanized rubber, invented by Charles Goodyear. The ducks could not float at that time but were used as chew toys.

In the 1940s sculptor Peter Ganine created a floating duck toy and patented it. The toy has sold over 50,000,000 units.

In the 1970s, Jim Hanson created a song that Eric from Sesame Street sang about his rubber duckling, which boosted the sales of the rubber ducklings.

In 1992, 29,000 rubber ducks were lost at sea on their way from China to Seattle, USA. They fell from a ship during a storm. After more than a decade and voyage across three oceans, the ducks reached the shores of New England in the USA.

In 2001 the rubber ducklings became famous again when a rubber duck with an inflatable crown was discovered in the bath of Queen Elizabeth II of England. The duck was discovered by one of the workers who repaired the bathtub after the duck got stuck in the pipes.

In 2007, a world Guinness record was set for the largest collection of rubber ducks in the world, which included 1,439 rubber ducks, by Charlotte Lee.

In 2013, the rubber ducks entered the "American Toy Hall of Fame." This hall is a place where old toys have been preserved for many years and it contains only 63 toys since it was established in 1998.

The largest rubber duck in the world is found in Sydney, Australia, 16.5 meters high, 20 meters wide and 32 meters long. It weighs 600 pounds.

In Europe, the USA and Australia rubber duck races are held in different lakes.

Today you can buy rubber ducks in different colors, disguised as different characters (both movie and culture stars and even politicians) and in different sizes.
Poop-shaped brown rubber ducks (link)  
How to celebrate Rubber Ducks Day?
If you have rubber ducks at home, you can take a bath with them, take photos and upload them to the social network (you do not have to take photos with them).
You can go to a lake, stream or pool and do rubber duck racing with friends.
If you do not have a rubber duck, you can buy one. You can start a collection of rubber ducks in different shapes, figures and colors.
What is important, today is to remember the rubber ducks and the experiences you had with them in the bath as a child.

In the photo: Who has no memories of rubber ducks in the bath with foam? (source)  
January 13 is also Sticker Day and Skeptics Day

Unity Day in Nepal -Prithvi Jayanti- January 11

On January 11 each year, Nepalese people gather on the streets of Kathmandu, its capital city, and celebrate Nepal's Unity Day with parades, flags and flowers at the foot of the statue of their beloved King from 260 years ago - King Prithibi Narayan Shah.
Unity Day in Nepal was celebrated in honor of King Prithibi Narayan Shah, who began the reign of the Shah dynasty in 1769, united the Kathmandu Valley with the rest of the country and established the state of Nepal.

King of Nepal Prithibi Narayan Shah
Nepal is located in South Asia, on the border with the People's Republic of China to the north and India to the west, east and south.

Some interesting facts about Nepal that make it such a special country:

Nepal is a small country but has a great variety of cultures, ethnic groups and languages. It has more than 80 ethnic groups and 120 different languages. Neither group constitutes a majority. Some of the groups are of Indian descent, some from Tibet and some are from local culture.

Although the area of ​​Nepal is small, it stars in the list of the highest mountains in the world: it has eight mountains out of the list of the ten highest in the world. The Himalayas within which the Mount Everest and the Anforna ridge are located are in Nepal and attract the most daring mountain climbers from all over the world.

Nepal has never been under direct foreign rule, probably because of the high mountains and the difficulty in conquering and holding such a mountainous country. Even the mighty British Empire created a peace treaty with the rulers of Nepal. Nepal was a "buffer zone" between two great powers - Imperial China and the Indian British Colony.

The most common religion among the Nepali people is Hinduism. Nepal is home to the famous Pashoptinat Temple dedicated to the god Shiva. Hindus from all over the world tend to visit the Pashoptinat Temple in Kathmandu.

Nepal is considered to be the traditional birthplace of the founder of Buddhism, Siddhartha Gautama, who is actually the famous Buddha. People come from all over the world to immigrate to his birthplace in southern Nepal, to the town of Lumbini.

Nepal is the only country in the world whose flag is not square.
Nepal's main agricultural product is jute, sugar cane, tobacco and grain.
Despite all these wonderful things in Nepal, the country suffers from political instability and poverty among almost half of its population. It is considered an underdeveloped country, but in recent years efforts have been made to promote its economic growth through foreign trade and external investment, mainly in tourism and hydroelectric power generation.
January 11 is also Milk Day

Wright Brothers Day- December 17

On December 17, 1903, Orville and Wilbur Wright made the first manned flight on Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

The Wright Brothers were not the first to build experimental planes, but until then the attempts failed and ended in tragic disasters.

The Wright brothers' plane was a breakthrough discovery in aviation science and influenced the research and development directions of aircraft later on. The flight took a few seconds and required further development, but it prepared the ground for the aviation industry and opened the skies for world travel to all parts of the globe.


The History of Wright Brothers Day

On September 24, 1959, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower declared the anniversary of the Wright brothers' first flight in 1903 as a holiday (this is a memorial day in the government's calendars, but it was not technically a state holiday). This was in honor of the pioneering experiments of the Wright brothers, and also to focus on the history of aviation technologies.


How to celebrate Wright Brothers Day?

Every year, the President of the United States announces this day and invites Americans to celebrate special activities and ceremonies in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, where the first flight was held, in Dayton, Ohio, the birthplace of the Wright brothers. There are also special visits in aviation museums and special activities in schools.

Pins And Needles Day - November 27

Don't panic, the day of pins and needles is not a day of prickling and tingling of the limbs. It is a memorial day for the performance of the historic musical "Pins and Needles" in 1937 on Broadway.
The play, which was a musical review of current events, was raised by the union of working women in international textiles and performed by women who worked in the textile industry.
The International Workers Union Workers Union (ILGWU) was one of the largest and oldest workers' organizations in the US It was established in New York in 1900 to address the problems and hardships of textile workers (in these years only women were active in the field) They were unbearably hard (about the sweat workshops you heard?)

The women who usually worked in textile factories throughout the day would practice after work and appear in the evening.
The music and songs for the play was written by Harold Rome, who also wrote the book of the play together with Arthur Arnett, Marc Blitzstein and more. Link to more information

November 27 is also Bavarian Cream Cake Day

World Heritage Day- April 18

The world heritage is the wealth that humanity shares. It includes the monuments and sites that are accessible to the public and tell about the history and culture of the place. The protection and preservation of these valuable assets requires the collective efforts of the international community. World Heritage Day, also called Monuments and Sites Day, is designed to raise public awareness of the diversity of cultural heritage and the efforts required to protect and preserve it, as well as draw attention to its vulnerability and step up efforts to prevent their demolition and existing preservation.

World Heritage Day also encourages us to celebrate all the cultures of the world, and raise awareness for important monuments and cultural sites.

On April 18, 1982, on the occasion of a seminar organized by ICOMOS (International Committee of Monuments and Sites) in Tunisia, it was proposed to hold the "International Day of Monuments and Sites" which would be celebrated simultaneously around the world. This project was approved by the Executive Committee which submitted practical proposals to the National Committees on how to organize this day.

The idea was also approved by the UNESCO General Conference which passed a resolution at its 22nd session in November 1983 and recommended that member states examine the possibility of declaring April 18 each year as "Monuments and Sites Day". It is traditionally called World Heritage Day.

There are lots of amazing heritage sites and monuments around the world. Among the heritage sites that can be learned about ancient cultures around the world is Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas located in a lush and mountainous area above the Urubamba Valley in Peru. There are the amazing Pyramids of Giza in Egypt, the Temple of Abu Simbel on the Egyptian-Sudanese border from ancient Egypt, the Great Wall in China, the remains of the ancient city of Bagan in Myanmar, Angkor Wat, the main temple in the ancient temple city of Angkor in Cambodia and more. There are also lots of monuments around the world that are sculptures or buildings that aim to commemorate important people, historical events and so on.

ICOMOS, the International Council of Monuments and Sites, has offered to celebrate World Heritage Day by visiting monuments and sites and restoration work for free, publishing articles in newspapers and magazines, and TV and radio articles, hanging posters in city squares or major arteries paying attention to cultural heritage and preserving cultural heritage. Interviews, organizing discussions in cultural centers, town halls and other public spaces, exhibitions (pictures, paintings, etc.), publishing books, postcards, stamps, posters, awarding prizes to organizations or individuals who have made outstanding contributions to the preservation and promotion of cultural heritage or resulted in excellent publicity. , Inauguration of recently restored monuments, special awareness-raising activities among school children and youth, promoting "coordination" opportunities between organizations, defining areas for cooperation; Speaker exchanges; Arranging meetings and seminars, or conducting joint publications.

World heritage day April 18

April 18 is also Columnists Day

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